- riles tiny Oregon town with plan for undersea cable
- Australia fires: NSW declares a 7-day state of emergency
- Wright takes over late, Colorado beats No. 4 Oregon 74-65
- Stay or Run? Dilemma for Those in Australia's 5,000-Square-Mile Wildfire 'Leave Zone'
- US sends additional support to Australia to help battle apocalyptic wildfires
- Angers Small Oregon Town with Plan for Undersea Cable
- Words in This Story
- Google Owns 63,605 Miles and 8.5% of Submarine Cables Worldwide
- Why Don’t Streaming Services Netflix Invest in Submarine Cables?
- The Rise of CDNs and Private Networks
- The “Flattening” of the Internet: Content Provider Edge Network Investements
- The Big Picture: Privatized Infrastructure Delivers Faster, Cheaper Service… At A Cost
riles tiny Oregon town with plan for undersea cable
Wildfires tearing through Australia's New South Wales state have killed seven people in the past 24 hours, authorities said Wednesday.Molten metal runs from a burnt-out vehicle at a destroyed property in Sarsfield, East Gippsland, Victoria, on Dec. 31.
A battle playing out in Oregon is pitting residents of a tiny coastal town with no stoplights or cellphone service against one of the world's biggest tech companies. 8, 2020. The tiny coastal village is opposing a plan by to build a landing spot for a submarine cable connecting America with
The tiny coastal village is opposing a plan by to build a landing spot for a submarine cable connecting America with Asia. Locals in Tierra del Mar are trying to stop from using property in their quiet community to build a landing spot for an undersea cable connecting America
- A sign welcomes motorists to Tierra del Mar, Ore., Wednesday, Jan. 8, 2020. The tiny coastal village is opposing a plan by to build a landing spot for a submarine cable connecting America with Asia. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)
- A sign expressing opposition to a plan by to build a landing spot for a submarine cable connecting America with Asia stands on property in the tiny community of Tierra del Mar, Ore., Wednesday, Jan. 8, 2020. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)
- Patricia Rogers, left, and Jeff Bryner, who each have houses next to a lot that a subsidiary bought for a landing site for a trans-Pacific fiber optic cable, pose during an interview on Wednesday, Jan. 8, 2020, with the lot behind them, in Tierra Del Mar, Ore. They and other residents of the tiny community on the Oregon coast strongly oppose the project, fearing it will change their community. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)
- Jeff Bryner gazes, Wednesday, Jan. 8, 2020, at the lot that a subsidiary bought to convert it into a landing site for a trans-oceanic cable in Tierra Del Mar, Ore. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)
- A sign denouncing 's plans to put a landing site for a trans-Pacific fiber optic cable lies, Wednesday, Jan. 8, 2020, on the beachside property that a subsidiary bought in Tierra del Mar, Ore. (AP Photo/Andrew Selsky)
Australia fires: NSW declares a 7-day state of emergency
Residents and tourists are fleeing Australia's southeast coast as deadly wildfires spread and the death toll rises.State Premier Gladys Berejiklian said Thursday that the emergency declaration would come into effect Friday morning as weather conditions are expected to deteriorate significantly on Saturday, raising the fire danger even further.
Locals in a tiny Oregon town are trying to stop from using property to build a spot for an ultra high-speed cable connecting the US to Asia. A battle playing out in a tiny Oregon town with no stoplights or cellphone service is pitting residents against one of the world's biggest tech companies.
A sign expressing opposition to a plan by to build a landing spot for a submarine cable connecting America with Asia stood on property in TIERRA DEL MAR, Ore. >> A battle playing out in Oregon is pitting residents of a tiny coastal town with no stoplights or cellphone service against one
TIERRA DEL MAR, Ore. (AP) — A battle playing out in a tiny Oregon town with no stoplights or cellphone service is pitting residents against one of the world's biggest tech companies.
Locals in coastal Tierra del Mar are trying to stop from using property in their quiet community to build a landing spot for an ultra high-speed, undersea cable connecting America with Asia.
Representatives of the social media giant say Tierra del Mar is one of the few places on the U.S. West Coast suitable for the cable, which will feature the latest fiber optic technologies. It will link multiple U.
S. locations, including 's huge data center in the central Oregon town of Prineville, with Japan and the Philippines, and will help meet an increasing demand for internet services worldwide, the company says.
Wright takes over late, Colorado beats No. 4 Oregon 74-65
BOULDER, Colo. (AP) — McKinley Wright IV scored 11 of his 21 points in the final 5 minutes, and Colorado beat another ranked team, taking down No. 4 Oregon 74-65 on Thursday night.
Tyler Bey added 15 points and grabbed 14 rebounds as the Buffaloes (12-2, 1-0 Pac-12) improved to 9-0 all-time against the Ducks (11-3, 0-1) in Boulder. Colorado also moved to 2-1 against ranked teams this season.
The Buffaloes are 19-32 under coach Tad Boyle versus teams in the AP Top 25 since he took over in 2010-11. He accounts for 30% of Colorado's 63 wins over ranked opponents since 1949-50.
TIERRA DEL MAR, Ore. >> A battle playing out in Oregon is pitting residents of a tiny coastal town with no stoplights or cellphone service against Locals in Tierra del Mar are trying to stop from using property in their quiet community to build a landing spot for an undersea cable connecting
(AP) — A tiny coastal village in Oregon is opposing a plan by to build a landing spot for a submarine cable connecting America with Asia. They say the lot a subsidiary bought to bring the submarine cable to land is zoned residential. Residents of the community have asked their
But locals say vibrations from drilling to bring the submarine cable ashore in this village of some 200 houses might damage home foundations and septic systems. They also point out that Tierra del Mar, arrayed along a pristine beach, is zoned residential. If the county and state allow the project, they say, more commercial ventures will come calling.
“This is a huge precedent. Once you open the shores to these companies coming anywhere they want to, Oregon's coast is pretty much wide open season,” resident Patricia Rogers told county officials in written remarks.
Tierra del Mar, 65 miles (105 kilometers) southwest of Portland, is home to a mix of professionals and retirees who share a love of the unspoiled beach that is fringed with coastal pines and the deer, bald eagles and rare seabirds that inhabit the area. It has two businesses, a rock shop and antiques store, and no cell service, apparently because providers don't consider it profitable enough.
Stay or Run? Dilemma for Those in Australia's 5,000-Square-Mile Wildfire 'Leave Zone'
For the 30 family and friends sheltering inside Anton’s beachside cafe, among them a 2-year-old girl and a pregnant woman, it came down to a show of hands. The vote was unanimous: stay put rather than flee amid the threat of catastrophic wildfires.
Bags with masks, fresh drinking water and food were hastily put together and placed by the cafe door in case an encroaching fire forced everyone to dash for the beach some 50 meters (164 feet) away. A defibrillator was kept close to hand.
Then came instructions on what to wear: head-to-foot clothing to prevent white-hot embers burning anyone forced to take refuge in the ocean.
“I am extremely angry about and opposed to the cavalier attitude that an amoral multi-national, multi-billion dollar corporation has taken to this tiny residentially zoned portion of Tillamook County,” resident Carol J. Griffith said in written comments.
representatives told county officials the horizontal directional drilling will last about a month, and all that will remain is a manhole cover.
They said they carefully chose the Tierra del Mar site, avoiding areas where fishermen trawl and keeping to places that allow burial of the cable so nets won't snag on it.
They also had to skirt undersea canyons and federally protected fish habitat.
The company declined to provide other details about the project but told The Associated Press in a statement: “With more people using the internet, existing internet infrastructure is struggling to handle all the traffic. These new cable projects help people connect more efficiently.”
The clash comes as internet use by the world's population has reached 4.1 billion people, or 54% of the global population, up from 1.6 billion people in 2008, according to the International Telecommunication Union, a United Nations agency.
Almost all of that messaging and internet browsing goes through fiber optic cables, not satellites in the heavens, said Kristian Nielsen, vice president of Submarine Telecoms Forum, a Virginia-based trade magazine.
US sends additional support to Australia to help battle apocalyptic wildfires
Australia wildfires will now have additional fire personnel from the U.S. to help battle the blazes.Able Seaman Maritime Logistics Personnel, Jayden Mansfield, cross checks names of evacuees from Mallacoota board HMAS Choules in Victoria, on Jan. 3.
When data, including phone calls, goes intercontinental, say between North America, Europe and Asia, undersea fiber optic cables are used 99% of the time, Nielsen said in a telephone interview.
“The reality is that the cloud is actually under the ocean,” said Nicole Starosielski, associate professor of media, culture and communication at New York University. “Files in the cloud are typically housed in a data center. But it doesn't become a cloud unless there are cables.”
Undersea cables have around 800 landing points around the world, according to Submarine Telecoms Forum. Nielsen said opposition to them is rare.
The one wants to put in Tierra del Mar splits off in the Pacific Ocean from the Jupiter cable that , Amazon and telecommunications companies from Japan, the Philippines and Hong Kong are invested in. The main trunk would land in Hermosa Beach, California, with the Oregon branch solely owned by .
Under the ground, the fiber optic cable would connect with another one running down the coast 4 miles (6 kilometers) to a cable landing site in a bigger coastal town, Pacific City, where four cables are already in place. says that site cannot fit a fifth cable and cited a risk of crossing cables.
But residents are dubious.
“I don't know why they chose this place when the could have taken the cable down to Pacific City,” said Lee King, owner of the Pier Avenue Rock Shop.
Follow Andrew Selsky on at https://.com/andrewselsky
Ionescu has 37, No. 6 Oregon women rout No. 3 Stanford 87-55 .
Sabrina Ionescu didn't notice the Oregon crowd's roar when she finally went to the bench with a career-high 37 points against Stanford. The Ducks' fans were aware she'd set the school's career scoring record.
For Ionescu, all that mattered was that the sixth-ranked Ducks were well on the way to handing No. 3 Stanford its first conference loss with an 87-55 victory Thursday night.“I didn't know they said something at the game, did they? Ionescu said. ”I didn't hear it.
“Ionescu went into the game needing 24 points to match Oregon career leader Alison Lang, who had 2,252 between 1980-84.
Angers Small Oregon Town with Plan for Undersea Cable
People in a small town with no stoplights or mobile phone service are trying to keep out one of the world’s largest technology companies.
The battle is taking place in the town of Tierra del Mar in American state of Oregon.
Locals there are trying to stop from developing property in their quiet coastal community. The company wants to build a landing site for an undersea cable connecting the United States with Asia.
The oceanfront lot bought by for the site of its proposed landing spot for a submarine fiberoptic cable that would connect America with Asia is seen in Tierra del Mar, Ore., Thursday, Jan. 9, 2020.
The cable will link many U.S. sites with Japan and the Philippines. The connection also will help meet an increasing demand for internet services worldwide, the company says.
officials say Tierra del Mar is one of the few places on the U.S. West Coast with the right qualities for the high-speed cable.
But locals say underground movements from drilling to bring the cable to this coastal village might damage homes and waste systems. They also note that maps and government records identify Tierra del Mar as a residential area. If state and local officials permit the project, they say, more development will come.
“This is a huge precedent. Once you open the shores to these companies coming anywhere they want to, Oregon’s coast is pretty much wide open season,” said Patricia Rogers, who lives in Tierra del Mar. She made the comments to county officials in a written statement.
The Tillamook County Board of Commissioners voted in support of the project after considering Rogers' and others' statements on Thursday.
Locals plan to appeal the ruling to Oregon state officials.
The three-member Tillamook County Board of Commissioners hearing final testimony on Thursday January 9, 2020.
Tierra del Mar is home to a mix of working professionals and retirees. Locals share a love for the town’s quiet coastline and for the deer, bald eagles and rare seabirds that call the area home.
The town has only two businesses. It has no mobile phone service. Providers seemingly do not consider it profitable enough to offer service there.
Locals worry the project will bring cell phone towers and additional cable sites.
representatives told county officials that the drilling project would last about a month. They said they carefully chose the Tierra del Mar site to avoid areas where fishermen use huge nets to catch fish. They also noted they went around federally protected fish habitats.
The company did not offer additional details about the project. But it told The Associated Press in a statement: “With more people using the internet, existing internet infrastructure is struggling to handle all the traffic. These new cable projects help people connect more efficiently.”
Internet use worldwide has reached 4.1 billion people, or 54 percent of the world's population. That is up from 1.6 billion people in 2008. Those numbers come from the International Telecommunication Union, a United Nations agency.
Almost all of that messaging and internet use goes through fiber optic cables instead of satellites, said Kristian Nielsen. She is vice president of Submarine Telecoms Forum, a Virginia-based trade magazine.
When data — including phone calls — go between North America and other continents, undersea fiber optic cables are used 99 percent of the time, Nielsen said.
Undersea cables have around 800 landing points around the world, the Submarine Telecoms Forum reports. Opposition to them, Nielsen said, is rare.
I’m Ashley Thompson.
The Associated Press reported this story. Ashley Thompson adapted it for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.
Words in This Story
cable – n. a group of wires, glass fibers, etc., covered in plastic or rubber and used to carry electricity or electrical signals
drill – v. to make a hole in something with a drill
residential – adj. containing mostly homes instead of stores, businesses, etc.
habitat – n. the place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows
infrastructure – n. the basic equipment and structures (such as roads and bridges) that are needed for a country, region, or organization to function properly
efficiently – adv. capable of producing desired results without wasting materials, time, or energy
fiber optic – n. the use of thin threads of glass or plastic to carry very large amounts of information in the form of light signals
Google Owns 63,605 Miles and 8.5% of Submarine Cables Worldwide
- Google owns major shares of 63,605 miles of submarine cables.
- Google will be the sole owner of 10,433 miles of submarine cables when the Curie cable is completed in 2019.
- Google holds partial ownership of 8.5% of submarine cables worldwide.
- Google holds sole ownership of 1.
4% of submarine cables worldwide.
- A boom in submarine cable investments has been underway since 2016.
- Content providers and Amazon are increasingly building private cables to support their cloud services.
Note that this report is focused on cables listed by Telegeography’s open cable data as wholly or partly owned. We have ommited a number of cables where a content provider may be a major capacity buyer or own individual pairs as a smaller stakeholder.
Specifically, Microsoft owns pairs (part ownership) on GTT North, GTT Express, and a number of other cables. As a result, some graphics below under-represent Microsoft’s cable ownership.
Google makes billions from their cloud platform. Now they’re using those billions to buy up the internet itself — or at least, the submarine cables that make up the Internet backbone.
If you want to measure the internet in miles, fiber-optic submarine cables are the place to start. These unassuming cables crisscross the ocean floor worldwide, carrying 95–99% of international data over bundles of fiber-optic fibers barely the diameter of a garden hose. All told, there are more than 700,000 miles of submarine cables in use today.
Historically, cables are owned by groups of private companies — mostly telecom providers.
That’s beginning to change. 2016 saw the start of a massive submarine cable boom, and this time, the buyers are content providers — corporations , Google, and Amazon.
Google and are heavily invested in submarine cables compared to Amazon and Microsoft.
While past cable builders leveraged cable ownership to sell bandwidth, content providers are building purposefully private cables. Google has even financed entire cables privately, making them one of the first companies to build a private submarine line.
When the Curie Cable is completed in 2019, Google will own 1.4% of submarine cables worldwide, as measured by length. If you include cables with shared ownership, Google’s share is closer to 8.5%.
The Internet is commonly described as a cloud. In reality, it’s a series of wet, fragile tubes. And Google is about to own an alarming amount of them.
|Hong Kong-Guam (HK-G)||Part owner||3,900|
|Southeast Asia Japan Cable (SJC)||Part owner||8,900|
|Japan-Guam-Australia South (JGA-S)||Part owner||9,500|
|Pacific Light Cable Network (PLCN)||Part owner||12,817|
When the Curie cable is completed in 2019, Google will own 10,433 miles of submarine cables internationally, and a total of 63,605 miles when you include cables they own in consortium with other corporations , Microsoft, and Amazon.
Including part-owned cables, Google has enough submarine cables to wrap around the earth’s equator two and half times. (With thousands of cable miles to spare).
2018–2019 is a high growth period for Google’s cloud services. In addition to major submarine cable projects, Google added points of “edge” presence for their cloud platform in Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Finland, and the Netherlands.
In addition to cable operations, Alphabet company Google Fiber has built residential fiber-to-the-home service in dozens of US markets including Salt Lake City, Austin, Kansas City, Charlotte NC, and Raleigh NC.
|Asia Pacific Gateway (APG)||Part owner||10,400|
|Southeast Asia-Japan Cable 2 (SJC2)||Part owner||10,500|
|Pacific Light Cable Network (PLCN)||Part owner||12,817|
|Hong Kong-Americas (HKA)||Part owner||13,780|
|Bay to Bay Express (BtoBE) Cable System||Part owner||16,000|
’s biggest submarine project is the JUPITER cable from the US to Asia, which is being constructed as a partnership with Amazon. Assuming that cables follow cloud markets, it’s fair to assume that and Amazon see a big future in providing services in Asia.
|Bay to Bay Express (BtoBE) Cable System||Part owner||16,000|
Amazon has relatively few submarine cable projects compared to and Google. All of their cable projects including capacity purchases run from the US to Asia — mainly connecting Japan, Singapore, Oregon, and California.
Microsoft buys a high volume of capacity on submarine cables, but at the time of our original report was only listed by Telegeography as holding ownership of one: the MAREA cable running from Virginia in the USA to Bilbao in Spain.
As of 2019, it’s been brought to our attention that Microsoft also owns fiber pairs on GTT North, GTT Express (Foundational Customer), AEC1, and is involved with the NCP Consortium (lead and landing party for the asset in the US) (Pacific City, OR).
BroadbandNow would to thank David J Crowley at Birch Infrastructure who provided extremely helpful commentary on this article and helped improve the accuracy of the report.
Why Don’t Streaming Services Netflix Invest in Submarine Cables?
On the surface, it makes sense for Netflix to invest in the submarine cable boom, just the other big content providers. After all, Netflix accounts for a staggering 37% of US Internet traffic and has 130 Million subscribers internationally.
But as it stands, Netflix doesn’t own any cables, and doesn’t have any public plans of doing so.
Instead, Netflix and similar video providers have been investing in a different type of privatized infrastructure: so-called edge networks or CDNs (Content Delivery Networks), which reduce the strain on server-to-user submarine traffic.
Netflix relies on local “edge nodes” to deliver content. Image via Wikimedia.
The secret to Netflix’s strategy is in the type of content they deliver: one-way static video. Un , Netflix’s video library doesn’t change every minute, and they can effectively predict what customers will request.
This allows Netflix to “queue up” content on edge servers near their customers. Then, when content is requested, it’s quickly delivered over that shorter distance — submarine cables not required. There’s no rush for them to “queue up” content on the edge, and surges in viewership will almost always happen in predictable patterns e.g. when a new season of Stranger Things is released.
An interesting analysis by Alan Mauldin of Telegeography points out that even if every person in the UK watched Netflix at the same time, it would use only 17.3 Tbps of bandwidth. That’s more than enough data to justify cable ownership for a company that can’t predict user habits — but an amount that could be easily distributed via local edge PoPs in predictable events TV show releases.
Mauldin also points out that if Netflix’s library size is around 190,000 GB, it only takes 6,333 GB daily to refresh their global cache over the course of a month. This small amount of bandwidth is much easier to lease than invest in building from scratch.
The Rise of CDNs and Private Networks
In some ways, buying of cables is just extension of the privatization that’s been going on locally ever since Netflix took off. Providers Netflix, , etc, can’t possibly transmit all their data over the public Internet, so they cache (store) content that’s ly to be requested in private boxes in data centers near users.
User habits are getting more and more predictable, at the same time as analytics software gets more and more insightful. This allows providers to pre-empt customer requests and already be “outside the door” when a customer requests the latest trending video or TV show. Of course, this applies to the use of cloud applications as well.
The “Flattening” of the Internet: Content Provider Edge Network Investements
To get an idea of how “flat” the Internet really is with so many privately owned CDNs, take a look at these maps published by content providers themselves. Virtually all of these pins have been added in the past ten years.
Here are Google’s edge nodes, used to deliver content as close to users as possible:
In addition to submarine cables, Google maintains a large edge network presence. Image via Google.
Netflix also has a huge edge presence, which makes sense given that delivering static video content is their business model:
Netflix is one of the original drivers of the edge networking boom. Image via Netflix
Private research suggests that ’s CDN is also sizable:
also uses edge networking to serve content quickly. Image via anuragbhatia.com
The Big Picture: Privatized Infrastructure Delivers Faster, Cheaper Service… At A Cost
the removal of Net Neutrality, privatizing Internet infrastructure has only reduced prices for consumers. The problem is the moral side: do we want a private Internet? Or do we want to preserve the “Wild West” neutral Internet?
Unfortunately, the question isn’t as simple as drawing a line between “good” and “bad” network optimizations. Practices edge networking and zero-rating are critical to the business models of companies Netflix and AT&T — even though these practices don’t technically violate the rules, and ultimately deliver much better services to consumers.