Cigarettes rolled with CBD and hemp aim to target vapers for alternative habit

CBD for treating tobacco addiction?

Cigarettes rolled with CBD and hemp aim to target vapers for alternative habit

Although cannabis has long been considered as a “drug of abuse”, in recent years an increasing number of studies published in the biomedical literature indicate that either the plant itself or some of its compounds may be of use in treating addictions.

For example, a recent review sets out the current evidence on the involvement of the endocannabinoid system in modulating addictive behaviour, looking at the results of research with animals on the potential role of some cannabinoids in treating psychostimulant addiction1.

More specifically, there is evidence to indicate that pharmaceuticals that are CB2 receptor agonists may be of use in treating cocaine addiction2. Certain observational studies have also been published showing that cannabis may be a substitute for more dangerous drugs, including alcohol3.

Finally, another recent review compiled current studies focusing on the possible properties of CBD (cannabidiol) as an intervention for addictive disorders4. This article will review the current evidence for considering cannabis in general, and CBD in particular, as a possible aid for quitting smoking.

Tobacco in figures

According to a report published in 2014 by the World Health Organisation (WHO)5, tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemical substances, of which at least 250 are known to be harmful for health and at least 69 are known to cause cancer.

According to this report, the spectrum of medical problems that can be caused by smoking include: shortness of breath, exacerbated asthma, respiratory infections, cancer (larynx, oropharynx, oesophagus, trachea, bronchus, lung, acute myeloid leukaemia, stomach, pancreas, kidney, ureter, colon, cervix, and bladder), coronary heart disease, heart attacks, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, osteoporosis, blindness, cataracts, periodontitis, aortic aneurysm, atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease, hip fractures, infertility and impotence.

According to another WHO study, tobacco continues to be the principal preventable cause of death in the world, killing approximately 6 million people each year and causing economic losses estimated at over half a trillion dollars6.

The latest report of the Global Tobacco Surveillance System, which gathers data from 22 countries representing nearly 60% of the world's population, shows that there are approximately 1,300 million smokers in those countries, of whom 205 million had made some attempt to quit smoking in the last 12 months7. According to the American Cancer Society, only 4-7% of people are capable of giving up smoking in any given attempt without medicines or other help while around 25% of smokers using medication manage to stay smoke-free for over 6 months. Psychological counselling and other types of emotional support can boost success rates higher than medicines alone8.

Nicotine addiction or tobacco habit?

Although the accepted theory on drug addiction appears to be that it is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, causing a deterioration in control of consumption despite harmful consequences to the addicted individual and to those around him or her9, an ever larger number of experts are beginning to challenge this view of addiction as a brain disease10. At least two studies have found that the percentage of people who recover from their addiction throughout their lives is, in nearly all cases, over 80%11. The results of these studies also indicate that tobacco addiction is the one of the forms of addiction with the lowest cessation rates.

One of these reasons may be the extent to which conventional wisdom in our society ascribes tobacco addiction to the pharmacological effects of nicotine. If attributing addiction to the substance used is a problem for understanding drug addiction in general, in the case of tobacco addiction it becomes especially paradigmatic.

The problem with drug addiction in general, and tobacco addiction in particular, is, as we have explained, the problem tends to be attributed to a disorder of the brain caused by a pharmacological agent, when at the base of all addictive behaviour, what is actually introduced is a habit.

And this habit is established, not so much by the effects of the substance itself, as by the behaviours involved in seeking and consuming the substance. And it is these habits, as forms of conduct, that are difficult to correct.

Indeed, in the specific case of nicotine it is very difficult to train animal models to be addicted to the substance. And as we have seen, the rates of tobacco cessation by pharmacological means (including patches, gum and any other nicotine-based pharmaceutical preparation) are distressingly low12.

Therefore, of all the reasons for which tobacco proves addictive for so many people, the fact that it contains nicotine is probably the least significant. It is precisely the fact that it is a habit, which is generally established over a long time –in most cases over several years– that makes it so difficult to correct.

As humans, we establish our everyday behaviour by means of habits and the more ingrained a habit is, the more difficult it is to change.

This is all the more true, insofar as the habit –as in the case of tobacco– offers such versatility for that the individual can indulge it when engaged in an animated conversation, in a state of depression or when waiting for a bus – in short, in nearly every aspect of his or her life, except sleep. This versatility and generalisation make the habit of smoking so especially difficult to correct.

Vaping cannabis as an alternative to smoking tobacco

As cannabis users increasingly become aware of the health dangers of smoking, some of them are trying to replace the smoking of cannabis (which involves combustion) with vaping (which does not). Indeed, it is well known that the risks of smoking derive precisely from the combustion of the material smoked, rather than the products smoked.

Even so, surveys on preferred methods of consumption indicate that the immense majority (more than 90%) of cannabis users still prefer smoking, even though they recognise that vaping is the most effective way of reducing the harm13.

Even in states California, whose citizens are famous for their worship of healthy lifestyles, the preferred means of consuming cannabis in medicinal marijuana dispensaries is by smoking (86.1% of those interviewed), far ahead of vaping (used by 21.8%)14.

These results may be somewhat skewed by the fact that so many of those surveyed started out as tobacco consumers who when they subsequently began to use cannabis, also preferred to smoke it. It is also well-known that many consumers manage to give up smoking not only “joints” but also tobacco when they start vaping cannabis.

In a recent letter to the journal Addiction, Hindocha et al. set out a series of examples in which vaping cannabis is accompanied by a reduction in tobacco consumption. According to these researchers: “ there could be reason to be optimistic about the potential of vaporizers.

If vaporizers can reduce cannabis and tobacco co-administration, the outcome could be a reduction of tobacco use/dependence among cannabis users and a resultant reduction in harms associated with cannabis. Indeed, if vaping cannabis becomes commonplace in the future, the next generation of cannabis users might never be exposed to nicotine or tobacco in the first place”15.

Use of CBD in treating the tobacco habit

CBD is in vogue. Whereas in the 1990s seed companies vied to obtain the strain with most THC, they are now competing for more narcotic varieties – in other words, those with the highest CBD content.

We don't know the reason for this change: whether cannabis consumers have grown tired of such a strong high (THC concentrations in Dutch marijuana have been falling by 0.

22% per year since 200516); whether it is a result of the industry’s marketing campaigns attributing the medicinal effects of cannabis to CBD; whether it simply reflects a market in which consumers want a varied product offering different experiences depending on what they are looking for at any specific time, or whether it is combination of all of these factors, or even some other reason. One other possible reason is the fashion for CBD oils which –albeit the labels do no state as much– also contain sufficient quantities of THC to possibly cause a consumer to test positive in a roadside saliva test. Moreover, for reasons we shall not go into here, the legality of these oils is decidedly dubious.

The way CBD acts on the endocannabinoid system is not yet fully understood. Indeed, some articles discuss mechanisms of action that others ignore altogether, and vice versa. I will therefore leave it to readers to search for the mechanism of action of CBD.

A recent review on the possible role of CBD as an anti-addictive pharmaceutical, quoted above17, after appraising this mechanism of action, concludes that “CBD has been associated with many neural circuits involved in the acquisition of addiction and subsequent drugseeking behaviors, making it an interesting pharmacological candidate to treat substance-use disorders”.

Only one study has researched the role of CBD as a treatment for addiction to tobacco smoking. In a pilot clinical study, the effectiveness of CBD was compared against a placebo in treatment of tobacco addiction.

(A pilot study is one with a small number of subjects, used to test a working hypothesis before moving on to a larger, and therefore more economically costly, sample).

It was double blind (neither researchers nor subjects knew who received what treatment), randomised (patients were assigned one or other treatment at random) and placebo controlled (the active pharmaceutical was compared with an inactive one).

24 subjects were recruited who smoked more than 10 cigarettes per day and given an inhaler to be used whenever they felt the urge to smoke. Twelve subjects (6 females) received an inhaler containing CBD and the other twelve (6 females) received an inhaler with a placebo. Treatment lasted one week.

During this time, they recorded their cravings for tobacco and anxiety on a daily basis. A follow-up interview was conducted 21 days after treatment. Following the treatment week, cigarette consumption in the CBD group had fallen by 40%, a significant contrast with the placebo group, but these differences were not kept up after 21 days.

Both groups reported the same reduction in craving and anxiety over the 7 days the treatment lasted, but, again, by day 21 they had returned to the initial conditions. The authors conclude: “the preliminary data presented here suggest that CBD may be effective in reducing cigarette use in tobacco smokers, however larger scale studies, with longer follow-up are warranted to gauge the implications of these findings. These findings add to a growing literature that highlights the importance of the endocannabinoid system in nicotine addiction”18.

In their article, the authors of the study offer a series of explanations, the effects of CBD on the Endocannabinoid system, which might explain the results.

These include the action of CBD on CB1 receptors (as a weak reverse agonist), and its properties as an inhibitor of the enzyme that breaks down the anandamide (FAAH). These actions may be related to a reduction in the boosting properties of nicotine.

They also offer some speculation on psychological causes, such as the possible action of CBD in reducing attention on contextual cues that may be involved in maintenance of nicotine consumption.

However, there are doubts that remain to be clarified. As explained, in this study, reported tobacco craving fell by the same amount in the CBD and placebo groups, as did anxiety levels. These scores were taken once a day, but not after the inhaler was used in response to the desire to smoke a cigarette.

It is possible that in general terms the placebo is capable of reducing the desire for consumption and anxiety, since the scores had normalised by the 21-day follow-up assessment, when neither group was using the device.

Perhaps the CBD, by acting as an anxiolytic19, might be a substitute treatment for progressively quitting tobacco, due to the fact that the subject is not as anxious. This study did not assess the possible anxiolytic effect following inhalations.

Nonetheless, this pilot study provides more evidence that tobacco addiction is more a habit than a pharmacological effect of nicotine.

If tobacco addiction were a matter of nicotine addiction, after a week, when the desire for consumption had already disappeared and where the number of cigarettes –and therefore the nicotine– has been considerably reduced, there would be no reason for the withdrawal symptoms to reappear, inducing subjects to start smoking tobacco again.

Finally, as we saw in the previous section, many people quit smoking when they start vaping. It is therefore possible that cannabis and/or CBD inhaled by some means other than smoking might be of use for people who want to quit smoking. As Morgan and collaborators conclude, more studies are necessary in this regard. What does seem clear is that smoking, more than an addiction to a drug (nicotine), is a habit, and all habits, its interruption causes anxiety. In this regard, replacing tobacco with vaporised cannabis and/or CBD may be a useful substitute measure, although this requires more evidence before it can be confirmed.

Источник: https://www.fundacion-canna.es/en/cbd-treating-tobacco-addiction

Can I Vape Hemp Oil? The Facts. – Mig Vaping Blog

Cigarettes rolled with CBD and hemp aim to target vapers for alternative habit

A hemp oil vape is a very effective way to get CBD into the system. Vaporized CBD is easily absorbed into the bloodstream. Vaping hemp oil is becoming incredibly popular. But, it is important to use the right type of hemp oil with the right type of vapor device. Users cannot just use any type of oil in a vaporizer. There is a method to the madness! Let’s get started.

Hemp oil is extracted from the cannabis sativa plant. The most common form of cannabis sativa is more commonly known as industrial hemp. The industrial hemp plant used to be very common in the United States. In fact, George Washington himself was a hemp farmer! The prohibition of cannabis plants in the 20th century attached a negative and undeserved stigma to hemp.

Industrial hemp contains CBD, or cannabidiol. CBD is a non psychoactive cannabinoid. THC is also a cannabinoid but it is the THC that has has psychoactive properties.

Researchers have identified several CBD benefits including relief of anxiety and anti inflammatory properties. The industrial hemp plant has less than 1% THC content. Mig Vapor CBD hemp oils are blended with an isolate that is 100% CBD and 0 THC.

Remember it is the THC that makes you high. CBD hemp oil does not get you high.

What Is Hemp Oil Vape?

Hemp oil vape is a type of hemp oil that is suitable for vaping. Specifically, suitable for vaping with an e-cig vaporizer. In other words, it can be vaped in the same type of device that is used with nicotine e-liquids. What is hemp vape oil exactly? It is an oil extracted from the industrial hemp plant. Hemp oil contains CBD. It is the CBD that is absorbed through vaping.

Not all industrial hemp plants have CBD. Some industrial hemp is grown strictly for the hemp seed oil, which is a nutritional supplement. Also, industrial hemp may be used for textiles ropes and more.

There is a specific type of industrial hemp that is used for CBD cultivation. The largest producer of CBD hemp plants are found in Colorado.

Although, farmers around the country are starting to follow suit not that the latest farm bill fully recognizes hemp as an agricultural product.

Vaping Hemp Oil

Vaping hemp oil requires a special formulation that must include e-liquid ingredients to properly vaporize. Specifically, pure hemp vape oil must be blended with vegetable glycerin (VG)  and propylene glycol (PG) in order to work in an e-cig or vaporizer device. The VG and PG generate the vapor that carries both the flavor and the CBD you get from a pure hemp oil vape.

Users can vape hemp oil in a vape device as long as it is a vapeable formula with VG and PG. The ideal formulation is 50% VG and 50% PG.

That way the user can enjoy a hemp oil vape is either a standard or sub ohm vape device. Simply fill a vape tank or refill cartridge with hemp CBD e-juice just as you would fill it with e-liquid.

After filling, let the device to sit for ten minutes to allow the vape coils to become saturated.

It is important to use the best quality vape devices for vaping hemp oil. A sophisticated and expensive box mod from a vape shop is not required. Focus on simplicity and quality. The best device for a hemp oil vape is the Bug RX by Mig vapor.

Best Device For Vaping Hemp Oil

Learn More About The Bug RX Hemp Oil Vape Pen Here

As mentioned, the best device for vaping hemp oil is the Mig Vapor Bug RX. The Bug RX is specially designed for a CBD hemp oil vape.

The positioning of the center post in the tank and the coils are designed to work with a thick, hemp oil CBD liquid. Specifically, the Bug RX is designed so that the hemp oil liquid does not clog up the coils or airflow.

Hemp oil may clog up some regular e-liquid e-cig vapes. The Bug RX is made for a pure hemp oil vape of up to 500 mg strength.

If looking for a hemp oil vape pen that will also vaporize e-liquids, we recommend the following three devices for vaping hemp oil.

  • Mig 21 Clear Fusion Vape Kit – compact and portable vape pen kit. Will vape e-liquids and CBD hemp vape oils. Generates a dense vapor. Designed to draw the vapor into the mouth and then inhale.
  • Bug Mini Mod Vape Kit – 1100 mAh battery and easy to fill mini tank. Vapes e-liquids and vapeable hemp seed oils. Uses a lower resistance atomizer than the Clear Fusion. You will go through more hemp vape oil but you will also get a higher dose. Best to inhale directly.
  • SR 72 eGo Stye Vape Kit – 1300 mAh long lasting battery, vertical vape coils. Vapes e-liquids and for vaping hemp oil.

Can I Vape Hemp Oil?

Can I vape hemp oil? Yes you can vape hemp oil as long as it is in a formula designed for vape devices. As mentioned above, look for formulas that are blended with PG vape liquids.

Users can vape hemp oil in both standard MTL and sub ohm devices. Be aware that the sub ohm devices will vaporize more liquid and create more vapor. Standard vape devices with atomizer resistance levels 0.

8 ohm and above are best.

You can use large, powerful sub ohm mods but we recommend using a more basic sub ohm device or a standard MTL vaporizer. The reason is because the goal is to absorb the CBD and not make huge vape clouds!

Pure hemp seed oil frankly does not taste good! There is really no diplomatic way to say it! A hemp oil vape should be slightly sweetened or flavored to make it an enjoyable experience. On a final note, be aware that CBD hemp oils with a strength over 500 mg are not suitable for vaping. The best pure hemp oil vape strength levels are 350 mg and 500 mg.

Hemp Oils For Vaping

As mentioned, the best hemp oils for vaping are the 350 mg level and the 500 mg. Mig Vapor makes both! The hemp oil that we use comes from American growers. It boasts 100% CBD content. Hemp oil vape liquids that have 50% VG liquids are not recommended. The PG formulation is perfect for vaping.

Mig Vapor hemp oil CBD vapes come in two different strength levels. The PG formulation is also made to provide smooth vapor production. In addition, these hemp vapes are both slightly sweetened to add to the enjoyment.

Check out our hemp oil vapes: two strength 350 and 500 mg/ml.

Or check our monstrous 1000, 1500 and 2000mg hemp oils for internal use.

Can I Vape Hemp Seed Oil?

Hemp seed oil is different from a hemp oil vape formula. Hemp seed oil is a nutritional supplement that contains omega fatty acids, not CBD. Can I vape hemp seed oil? No, that is not what it is made for. Hemp seed oil does not have any VG or PG. Rather it is designed to be ingested orally.

Pure Hemp Oil Vape

A pure hemp oil vape works only with CBD concentrations less than 500 mg. For concentrations of hemp oil above 500 mg, vaping is not recommended. While you could use an oil vape pen, we recommend sublingual oral drops. Sublingual means placing drops of oil under the tongue. After placing a few drop under the tongue, let it absorb for at least one minute before swallowing.

The other way to use pure hemp oil with CBD is to apply it topically. For example, for an arthritic hand simply rub the oil onto the surface of the skin. In order to facilitate the absorption, use a carrier oil such as MCT coconut oil or jojoba.

  • Do not vape pure hemp oil with concentrations above 500 mg!
  • For pure hemp oils with CBD concentrations above 500 mg, take orally or topically.

Hemp Oil Vape Summary

If you skipped down to the end of this article looking to get a simple direct answer, here it is:

  • A hemp oil vape with CBD must include VG and PG in the formulation
  • Any e-cig device can be used but we recommend using devises with atomizers between 0.8 ohms and 2.0 ohms
  • The best CBD levels for vaping are 350 mg and 500 mg
  • Vaping hemp oil with levels over 500 mg is not recommended
  • For pure hemp oils, take orally or topically

In any case, Mig Vapor carries every  you need to enjoy either a hemp oil vape or a pure hemp oil. We have vapeable formulas, and every type of vape device you will need. If you have any additional questions, don’t hesitate to contact us.

Источник: https://www.migvapor.com/ecig-news/hemp-oil-vape/

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