- 10 CBD facts every user should know
- 1. CBD is legal, but only if it's derived from hemp
- 2. CBD is psychoactive, but also non-intoxicating
- 3. CBD generally works better with other cannabis compounds
- 4. CBD interacts with several systems in the body
- 5. Not all CBD oil is the same
- 6. CBD dosing isn't an exact science yet
- 7. CBD is generally safe
- 8. CBD may effectively treat anxiety
- 9. CBD is generally safe and therapeutic for dogs
- 10. It's legal to fly with hemp-derived CBD, but risky
- CBD Guide: 12 Important Facts You Should Know Right Now
- 1. THC gets you high, CBD doesn't.
- 2. CBD oil is not the same as hemp oil
- 3. CBD is in a legal gray area
- 4. The FDA is becoming more involved
- 5. CBD is safe and non-habit forming
- 6. There are two main methods for extracting CBD
- 7. CBD is finding its way to consumers in many forms
- 8. The purported health benefits are remarkable
- 9. There’s a big difference between full spectrum and CBD isolate
- 10. Know what you’re buying
- 11. People are giving CBD to their pets
- 12. Some cities are cracking down on CBD
10 CBD facts every user should know
Cannabidiol (CBD), the second-most prominent-cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, has seen a meteoric rise in the wellness market for offering a wide variety of purported health benefits without causing intoxication or side effects.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
According to a 2019 survey from Gallup, 1 in 7 Americans, or 14%, use some form of CBD, mostly for medicinal purposes. As CBD's presence continues to grow, consumers and patients are becoming more curious about the ins and outs of this therapeutic cannabis derivative.
Despite the growing popularity of CBD products, there is still a fair amount of misinformation surrounding this non-intoxicating cannabis compound, prompting a need for more educational resources and guidelines for the average consumer. What is CBD? How does it work? Is it legal? What should consumers look for in CBD oil and other CBD products?
These are all important questions that a canna-curious consumer or medical patient may have. To help set you on a path toward an informed choice, here are 10 essential CBD facts that every potential and current CBD consumer should know.
1. CBD is legal, but only if it's derived from hemp
To anyone unfamiliar with CBD, it may seem strange to see something that comes from cannabis garner such widespread attention and acceptance across the U.S.. Following the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD derived from industrial hemp, defined as cannabis with less than 0.
3% THC, is not a controlled substance under federal law. CBD from marijuana or hemp with more than 0.3% THC is still considered illegal federally, but legal in states where medical and adult-use cannabis is permitted. The laws vary significantly from state to state, however, so it's best to double check.
For example, Idaho and South Dakota still consider CBD illegal.
2. CBD is psychoactive, but also non-intoxicating
One of the major CBD selling points to come the compound's recent product boom is that the cannabinoid is both therapeutic and “non-psychoactive,” as opposed to the extraordinarily psychoactive THC. While you might commonly read this “fact” about CBD, it isn't accurate to say that CBD is devoid of any psychoactive effects.
CBD ispsychoactive in the sense that it directly affects mental processes of cognition and mood. CBD's most well-known psychoactive effect is the calming feeling frequently associated with the cannabinoid.
CBD is, however, non-intoxicating, which means it doesn't produce the “high” of THC. THC is also psychoactive, but because its effects can leave consumers temporarily impaired, it is intoxicating.
The non-intoxicating qualities of CBD are what cause some to consider it a “non-psychoactive” cannabinoid.
CBD oil usually comes with a dropper to allow consumers and patients to measure out their dose.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
3. CBD generally works better with other cannabis compounds
A 2015 study from The Hebrew University of Israel documented the medicinal potency of single-molecule CBD extract versus that of a whole-plant, CBD-rich extract. Single molecule extract is an isolated extract of a single compound, such as CBD. A whole-plant extract essentially preserves the full cannabinoid and terpene profile of the original plant.
The study concluded that whole-plant, CBD-rich extract had a superior therapeutic value to single-molecule CBD extract.
Though there may be cases, depending on an individual patient's condition and physical restrictions, where a CBD isolate is a more appropriate prescription, a whole-plant, high-CBD product has the advantage of working in tandem with other potentially therapeutic cannabinoids and terpenes.
This synergistic relationship is commonly referred to as the entourage effect. For instance, some studies have demonstrated CBD's ability to minimize the undesirable effects of THC, including paranoia and cognitive impairment.
4. CBD interacts with several systems in the body
One major explanation for CBD's wide range of potential benefits is the complex way it interacts with our bodies, particularly through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), an internal system made up of endogenous cannabinoids, or endocannabinoids, the receptors that these cannabinoids bind to, and the enzymes that break them down. CBD and other phytocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant, bind to cannabinoid receptors when they enter the body, and elicit a wide range of effects, depending on which receptors they activate.
Research suggests that CBD may reduce absorption of the body's pain-regulating endocannabinoid anandamide, which could lead to pain relief. CBD has also been shown to reduce epileptic seizures by inhibiting the release of neurotransmitters.
CBD also elicits therapeutic responses from the body through non-ECS receptor pathways. For example, CBD may activate serotonin receptor 5-HT1A in mice, making it potentially helpful in treating depression and anxiety. It may also suppress chronic pain and inflammation by targeting alpha-3 glycine receptors according to research conducted on rodents.
5. Not all CBD oil is the same
Those who have had limited experience shopping for CBD oil may wonder where to start, or how to find a quality product. Firstly, understand that marijuana and industrial hemp are both common CBD oil sources. There are also several types and formulas on the market, which typically fall into one of three categories:
- Full Spectrum contains the full spectrum of CBD, minor cannabinoids, cannabis-derived terpenes, and trace amounts of THC found in the plant.
- Broad Spectrum contains a full spectrum of extracted cannabinoids and terpenes, but with trace amounts of THC removed.
- Isolate is pure CBD with all other cannabis compounds removed until only a powdered or crystalline form of CBD remains.
As the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) begins to crack down on CBD oil labels with unproven claims, consumers should read their product labels carefully. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
In addition, it's also important to note that not all CBD oils and CBD-infused products are created equal.
Although some reputable CBD companies adhere to strict labeling standards, subpar or falsely advertised CBD products with vague labels with buzzwords “pure,” “all-natural,” and “organic” can be deceiving.
Also beware of products labeled as hemp oil or hemp seed oil, which usually do not contain any CBD at all. As the FDA begins to crack down on CBD oil labels with unproven claims, consumers should still be on the lookout for the following on all CBD oil labels:
- Amount of active CBD per serving
- Supplement Fact Panel, including other ingredients
- Net weight
- Manufacturer or distributor name
- Suggested use
- Distinction as full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate
- Batch or date code with a link to the laboratory results for that batch. If the product wasn't lab tested, don't buy it.
6. CBD dosing isn't an exact science yet
When it comes to finding the most effective CBD dosage for a specific condition, there is no exact measurement or universal guideline that works for everyone. Part of the reason may have to do with the fact that genetic mutations of our cannabinoid receptors cause variances in the way a body reacts to CBD.
If you, for example, are walking around with a different CB1 receptor variation than your friend, the two of you may react differently to the same dose of CBD. In other words, an effective CBD dose for one patient may not work for another.
There are several other factors that determine the effectiveness of a CBD dose, including the product itself, the method of consumption, as well as the patient or consumer's physiology.
7. CBD is generally safe
So, if we're unable to figure out what dose is most effective for treating most ailments, where does that leave the user who doesn't have experience with CBD? Fortunately, it's easy to simply start with small doses and slowly work toward higher ones.
Why? Because a 2011 study and a 2017 update show that CBD has what clinicians call a 'favorable safety profile,' due to the fact that it doesn't change major factors heart rate, blood pressure, or body temperature and it doesn't affect psychological functions.
It's also been proven that doses of up to 1,500 milligrams per day are well tolerated, even over long periods of time. However, some subjects from several CBD-related studies have reported side effects of CBD use, including extreme sleepiness, decreased appetite, diarrhea, fatigue, convulsions, and vomiting.
There is also evidence that CBD can interfere with certain prescription medications so it's best to check with a doctor or pharmacist before mixing oral CBD and prescription drugs.
8. CBD may effectively treat anxiety
Although the most effective CBD dosing can be difficult to pin down, mounting research is starting to give us a better idea of how to best use this non-intoxicating cannabinoid.
For example, a study published in the February 2019 issue of “Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry” found that CBD may be useful for treating social anxiety associated with public speaking.
The research team gave subjects doses of CBD ranging from 150 to 600 milligrams, as well as a placebo, prior to a public speaking challenge. The study seemed to indicate that 300 milligrams helped alleviate anxiety-related symptoms.
A February 2019 Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry found that 300 milligrams of may be the optimal dose for treating social anxiety associated with public speaking.Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
9. CBD is generally safe and therapeutic for dogs
CBD can help treat arthritis, seizures, and other health issues found in dogs. CBD oil may also support a dog's immune system, promote a shiny coat, and even improve breath odor. More research is needed to determine how effective CBD is for dogs, cats, and other pets, but existing evidence shows that CBD may provide a treasure trove of benefits to man's best friend.
10. It's legal to fly with hemp-derived CBD, but risky
While hemp-derived CBD items are legal under federal law, some individual states and cities still have stricter laws. In rare but documented cases, local law enforcement officers have arrested and charged people flying with CBD products. Marijuana-derived CBD products, as well as CBD products with more than 0.
3% THC, are still not allowed on domestic or international flights. Ultimately, flyers carrying CBD are at the mercy of the TSA. On April 20, 2019, the TSA posted the following on Instagram: “Let us be blunt: TSA officers do not search for marijuana or other illegal drugs. […
] But in the event a substance appears to be marijuana or cannabis infused product, we're required by federal law to notify law enforcement.”
CBD Guide: 12 Important Facts You Should Know Right Now
Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.
CBD has become a craze but most people know little more about it than it comes from the hemp plant and it’s believed to be very good for your health.
All types of brands are racing to get involved. CVS and Walgreens both recently announced plans to sell CBD products. Coca-Cola is said to be exploring the idea of adding CBD to their beverages.
Even Oreos has jumped into the mix.
The potential of CBD is exciting for business owners and consumers a. In the past few months, I’ve become involved in the space when I invested in Nature Box, a healthy snack startup.
Our line of CBD snacks are poised to become one of the most popular snacks we offer. Initial interest in our prelaunch has been staggering.
For consumers, CBD has the potential to be a great source of healing and daily wellness.
Yet for all the potential profits and healing that could come with CBD, there are still many questions about what CBD actually is, why its important and how legal it actually is.
I was taken back when my team at NatureBox proposed a CBD snack. I thought CBD was a type of marijuana or something illiegal.
I read everywhere online about it and got conflicting stories so I decided to set the CBD facts straight here.
Here’s a complete guide to the things you need to know about CBD right now.
1. THC gets you high, CBD doesn't.
Despite what many people have written, no, CBD will not make you high. While both THC and CBD are cannabinoids, THC is the psycho-active compound that creates the “high” associated with marijuana. CBD has an entirely different effect on the body.
Related: Move Aside, CBD: New Data Finds THC Is the Real Medicine in Medical Marijuana
2. CBD oil is not the same as hemp oil
CBD oil is an oil that contains Cannabidiol. CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant and usually combined with a base oil (often olive, coconut or MCT).
Hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant and should not contain CBD, or any other cannabinoids. Hemp oil is associated with its own list of health benefits.
3. CBD is in a legal gray area
The 2018 Farm Bill legalized hemp and hemp-derived products on a federal level. With regard to the DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency), CBD oil from hemp is no longer a Schedule 1 controlled-substance, or drug. Per section 10113 of the Farm Bill, hemp cannot contain more than 0.3 percent THC by weight.
However, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) has not legalized CBD for sale as a supplement. The agency has stated it wants more information on CBD and time to consider how it might regulate production, marketing, labeling, distribution and dosage recommendations. I'll update this as more laws are passed.
Related: Gary Vee Has Some Important Advice for Cannabis Entrepreneurs
4. The FDA is becoming more involved
The FDA recently issued a statement from commissioner Scott Gottlieb M.D., clarifying the next steps for evaluating the regulatory pathways for CBD. They’ve also scheduled a public hearing on May 31, 2019 and have made it easier for researchers to conduct studies on CBD. It’s clear that the FDA is waiting to assess more data before approving CBD.
5. CBD is safe and non-habit forming
While the FDA has not formally made statements for CBD’s safety, the World Health Organization (WHO) provided data, and stated a position, that pure CBD is safe for consumption.
6. There are two main methods for extracting CBD
Most CBD is extracted from the leaves, flowers and stalks of the cannabis plant via solvent or heat extraction methods.
The first method, solvent extraction, uses solvents to separate the compounds from the plant. On the high end, CO2 (Carbon dioxide) is used as the solvent. On the low end, harsh chemicals (ethanol, butane, kerosene, etc) are used as the solvent. In the second method, steam is used to extract the oil in a gentle and effective way.
The extraction method directly impacts the quality of the oil you purchase. Steve Raack, an industry expert and CEO of Vitalibis, explains why. “Hemp is a natural, yet delicate, plant full of amazing elements,” said Raack.
“When creating a premium, full spectrum oil, it’s essential to extract CBD, and other plant compounds, without causing damage during the process.
If the cannabinoids or terpenes are destroyed or damaged, then the product will have less efficacy or will require added flavors to mask the taste.”
Related: This Is How to Finance Cannabis Oil Extraction Equipment and Keep All Your Equity
7. CBD is finding its way to consumers in many forms
As the hype around CBD increases, consumers are finding a wide variety of ways to consume it. The most common forms of CBD products include oils, tinctures, cosmetics, topical creams, gummies, chocolate, powder and off-the-shelf beverages. You might also come across food and beverage establishments adding CBD to cocktails, coffees and shakes.
8. The purported health benefits are remarkable
While additional research is underway, CBD is believed to help with anxiety, inflammation, headaches, head trauma, epilepsy, insomnia, arthritis, gut health, chronic and acute pain and a number of other health conditions.
Athletes and performers are exploring CBD’s potential anti-inflammatory properties to aid in recovery while the medical community is even exploring the medicinal uses of CBD, including its potential as an anti-cancer solution.
While all of these potential remedies are exciting, it’s ly that additional studies need to be conducted on humans before the FDA will approve CBD as a supplement or medicine.
Related: Was That CBD Gum Tiger Woods and Phil Mickelson Chewed During the Masters?
9. There’s a big difference between full spectrum and CBD isolate
CBD isolate is a term that describes a crystalline powder that contains only CBD. This form of CBD endures the most amount of processing and can be sold in products that include synthetic or natural flavor additives. Initial research from Israel indicates that the efficacy of CBD isolate falls along a bell curve, limiting its effectiveness at many dosage levels.
Full spectrum describes a plant oil that includes more than just the actual CBD itself. The additional compounds include other important cannabinoids, phytonutrients, chlorophyll, terpenes and flavonoids. Current research on full spectrum oil suggests that CBD with additional compounds creates an “entourage effect” that is more effective than CBD on its own.
Related: How Israel Became the Global Leader in Cannabis Research
10. Know what you’re buying
Since the FDA has not set standards for quality, content and marketing, it’s important that consumers research the products their buying. Yet industry experts suggest a few best practices.
- It’s a good idea to buy from providers that have independent third-party testing.
- Ask if the product is made with CBD isolate or full-spectrum oil. You want full-spectrum oil as it has more of the plant compounds and nutriants. It's eating an orange or taking a vitamin C pill. Eating an orange is more natural and healthier. You get more nutrience other than viatmin C.
- You can ask about the method of extraction, and if it is solvent based, you can ask which solvent is used.
11. People are giving CBD to their pets
It’s not hard to find anecdotal stories of CBD having a positive impact on dogs and ailments separation anxiety, arthritis, join pain and aging. That said, it’s important to understand the benefits and precautions when giving CBD to your dog or pet.
Related: What You Need to Know About CBD for Pets
12. Some cities are cracking down on CBD
Even though hemp CBD was legalized by the 2018 Farm Bill, some city governments and regulatory bodies are restricting some CBD distribution.
The New York City Department of Health has cracked down on restaurants, bars, coffee shops and other food service establishments from adding CBD to food or beverages.
“Restaurants in New York City are not permitted to add anything to food or drink that is not approved as safe to eat,” a department spokeswoman said.
It’s reasonable to expect that CBD will continue to flourish in 2019. The 2018 Farm Bill paved the way for businesses and consumers to get more involved.
Projections for the industry, and projections from individual businesses, point to a robust industry unfolding before our eyes.
Everyone will be watching the FDA to see how they proceed in regulating the market – and how states and cities will follow their guidance.
CBD might be in a legal gray area, yet there’s no question that the CBD market will be an exciting industry to watch in the next few years. These answers should help you better understand CBD from consumer, legal and entrepreneurial standpoints.